Allocations of $615 million in funds for electric vehicle (EV) infrastructure in the US under the National Electric Vehicle Infrastructure Formula Program moved forward with recent publications from the US Department of Transportation (DOT). This extract from a recent legal update by Mayer Brown provides further detail

The funds will be allocated on a state-by-state basis—with some receiving far more than others—but the first step will be for each state to propose a plan for its allocated share of funds (Plan). The DOT’s February 10, 2022 memorandum provided new details about the NEVI Program, which was created pursuant to the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act. Specifically, the guidance confirmed amounts to be allocated to each state (plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico).

States must submit an EV Infrastructure Deployment Plan to the Joint Office of Energy and Transportation by August 1, 2022, to be eligible for funding. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and the Joint Office will review each Plan and approve eligible Plans by September 30, 2022. If a state fails to submit a Plan or if a state’s Plan is not accepted, FHWA may withhold or withdraw funds allocated to that state. Funds would then be awarded on a competitive basis to local jurisdictions for use on projects within the state. If funds cannot be awarded to local jurisdictions, the funds will be distributed among other states.

Each Plan is expected to include:

  • An introduction to the Plan and a description of its development process.
  • How the state’s department of transportation has coordinated with that state’s energy or
  • environmental department in the development of the Plan and a discussion of the efforts made by the state department of transportation to maximize opportunities to utilize EV supply equipment that is manufactured in the United States.
  • A discussion of the involvement of stakeholder groups such as the general public, labor
  • organizations and underserved or disadvantaged communities in the Plan’s development.
  • How the Plan supports an efficient, affordable and equitable statewide and national EV network, how the state intends to use the funds made available to it and 5-year goals.
  • A discussion on contracting with the private sector to efficiently deploy and deliver the Plan.
  • Identification of the existing and future climate, market and civil conditions within the Plan’s study area, including existing EV charging infrastructure.
  • A discussion of the EV charging infrastructure installations and associated policies to meet the goals of the Plan
  • Identification of non-Federal sources of funding and coordination with other states and their EV charging networks.
  • How the Plan will comply with civil rights laws and how the Plan will be developed in consideration of rural, underserved and disadvantaged communities.
  • Detail on what steps will be taken to grow, train and diversify the local workforce who will be installing, operating and maintain the EV charging infrastructure.
  • How the state will consider and address cybersecurity issues.
  • A discussion on how the state plans to evaluate its performance under its Plan

The NEVI Program guidance also specifies other factors the USDOT Secretary and the Energy Secretary must consider in developing guidance for states and localities to strategically deploy EV charging infrastructure.

FHWA is expected to propose regulations for minimum standards and requirements for the NEVI Program by May 13. These will be more detailed requirements for states to follow when implementing their Plans. These new regulations are expected to include details on installation, operations and maintenance of EV infrastructure; data collection and sharing; network connectivity and payments; and accessibility of information on station availability, pricing and locations.

Distribution of Funds

The current $615 million allocation is just for 2022; appropriations will be made in each of FY 2022-2026. Apportionment among the states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico of the NEVI Program funds (shown below for fiscal year 2022) is proportional based on each state’s share of amounts that FHWA distributes in federal-aid highway apportionments and Puerto Rico Highway Program funding.

The complete briefing can be accessed here