Several major Danish firms, including Orsted and Moller-Maersk, have formed a partnership aiming to produce sustainable fuels on an industrial scale. The other members include Copenhagen Airports, DSV Panalpina, DFDS and Scandinavian airline SAS. The goal of the partnership is to establish a large facility that will provide fuels for maritime, air and road transport in the Copenhagen area.

The companies shared that a hydrogen and e-fuel production site could be commissioned by 2023 and fully scaled-up by 2030, by which time it would have the capacity to generate over 250,000 metric tons of fuel annually. It is envisaged that the project’s electrolyser will be powered by offshore wind installations. Under the plans, the size of the electrolyser is seen as growing from 10 MW at the start of the project to 1.3 GW in its final stage.

The European Commission has described hydrogen as an energy carrier with great potential for clean, efficient power in stationary, portable and transport applications. A number of sources — from fossil fuels and solar to wind — can be used to help produce hydrogen through a range of processes including electrolysis and gasification. If renewable sources are used in its production, it is called green hydrogen.

The Danish project will provide hydrogen to public buses as well as trucks managed by DSV Panalpina; renewable methanol for ships operated by Moeller-Maersk; and e-kerosene for SAS planes and other air transport flying from Copenhagen Airport.