This is an extract from the European Council’s press release “Alternative fuels infrastructure: Council adopts new law for more recharging and refuelling stations across Europe” dated July 25, 2023.

More recharging and refuelling stations for alternative fuels will be deployed in the coming years across Europe enabling the transport sector to significantly reduce its carbon footprint following the adoption on the alternative fuel infrastructure regulation (AFIR).

Main deployment targets for 2025 and 2030

The text of the regulation provides for specific deployment targets that will have to be met in 2025 or 2030, in particular:

  • From 2025 onwards, fast recharging stations of at least 150kW for cars and vans need to be installed every 60 km along the EU’s main transport corridors, the so-called ‘trans-European transport (TEN-T) network’
  • Recharging stations for heavy-duty vehicles with a minimum output of 350kW need to be deployed every 60 km along the TEN-T core network, and every 100 km on the larger TEN-T comprehensive network from 2025 onwards, with complete network coverage by 2030
  • Hydrogen refuelling stations serving both cars and lorries must be deployed from 2030 onwards in all urban nodes and every 200 km along the TEN-T core network 
  • Maritime ports welcoming a minimum number of large passenger vessels, or container vessels, must provide shore-side electricity for such vessels by 2030
  • Airports must provide electricity to stationary aircraft at all gates by 2025, and at all remote stands by 2030
  • Users of electric or hydrogen-fuelled vehicles must be able to pay easily at recharging or refuelling points with payment cards or contactless devices and without a need for a subscription and in full price transparency
  • Operators of recharging or refuelling points must provide consumers full information through electronic means on the availability, waiting time or price at different stations

Next steps

Following the formal adoption by the Council, the new regulation will be published in the EU’s official journal after the summer and will enter into force the twentieth day after this publication. The new rules will apply from six months after the date of entry into force of the regulation.

Background information

The alternative fuels infrastructure regulation (AFIR) is part of the Fit for 55 package. Presented by the European Commission on 14 July 2021, the package aims to enable the EU to reduce its net greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels and to achieve climate neutrality in 2050.

On 2 June 2022, the Transport Council reached a general approach on the proposal and, following negotiations with the European Parliament, the two co-legislators reached a provisional agreement on the regulation on 28 March 2023.

The complete Regulation on deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure (AFIR), 25 July 2023 can be downloaded here

The original press release can be accessed here